Nepal is a land – locked mountainous country located between India and China. Nepal’s unique geo – strategic location has shaped and guided the country’s foreign policy ever since ‘a yam between the two boulders’ strategy was adopted more than two centuries ago . In the of Nepal’s geographical size vis-a-vis neighbouring countries, it is always have healthy and interdependent relations with India for furthering her interests in trade, transit, economy and other socio- cultural interactions. She has a sound and mutually advantageous relations with China for promotion of her commercial and economic interests. In addition to that Nepal has a very healthy and interdependent relations with others national in globally.
“Navigating Nepal’s Foreign Policy: Challenges and Diplomatic Initiatives in a Changing World”
The foreign policy of Nepal is guided by the abiding faith in the United Nations Charter (article 1) purposes and (article 2) principles, policy of non-alignment, the principles of panchasheel, international law, value of world peace and other globally recognized norms and values. The provisions regarding foreign policy also as enshrined in the constitution of Nepal (2015) preamble, directive principle (article 50) (4) and (article 51) (m) policies relating to international relations. The fundamental objective of Nepal’s foreign policy is to expose the dignity of Nepal in the international arena by maintaining the sovereignty, integrity and independence of the country and furthermore to protect and promote national interest.
In recent times, Nepal’s neighboring countries have been showing their arbitrariness on sensitive issues like borders, so Nepal has to resolve the issue through diplomatic initiatives. According to the foreign policy adopted by Nepal, of its values and beliefs, diplomatic initiatives should be taken on border issues with its neighboring countries.In 2015, during the visit of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi to China, the 28th point of the 41-point agreement signed between India and China was the agreement on ‘border trade between India and China through the Lipulekh crossing’ which is doing without allowing Nepal. At that time, Nepal had sent a ‘protest note’ to both countries, but no reply was received. India released the Nepali land including Lipulek, Kalapani and Limpiyadhura on November 2, 2019, which was established as an insult to Nepal and Nepal’s neighborly harmony.In response to that, Nepal issued a political map of Lipulek, Kalapani and Limpiyadhura Nepal which was encroached by India on 7th jestha 2077. However, India released a new map saying ‘Akhand Bharat’ on the wall of the newly constructed Parliament building including some places including Kapilvastu of Nepal.
A few days ago, China released a ‘standard map’ ignoring the (चुच्चे नक्शा) of Nepal.
The behavior of India and China, two world powers, towards Nepal should be in accordance with international values and norms. With its self-respect and international recognition, Nepal has the same value as its neighboring countries.It is necessary to take high-level diplomatic initiative with both the neighbors and take action by the relevant authorities to conclude this dispute and the security of the state of Nepal in accordance with their foreign policy.In order to achieve internal political division, one should not ignore their foreign policy and diplomacy in cooperation with any country and should be stabilize the internal politics.
As the world politics has accepted the changing political scenario, at this time Nepal also needs to take effective diplomatic initiatives towards the world to maintain its significance.